Monday, August 3, 2009
Quran holy book of Islam The Book that God gave to His Messenger through revelation, and which he passed on to the Humanity in the form in which we know it today. Qur'an or Koran [Arab.,=reading, recitation], the sacred book of Islam. Revealed by God to the Prophet Muhammad in separate revelations over the major portion of the Prophet's life at Mecca and at Medina, the Qur'an was intended as a recited text, and was not compiled as a single volume during the life of the Prophet.
The Qur'an itself expresses that it is the book of guidance. Therefore it rarely offers detailed accounts of historical events; the text instead typically placing emphasis on the moral significance of an event rather than its narrative sequence. Muslims believe the Qur'an itself to be the main miracle of Muhammad and a proof of his prophethood. Being the verbatim Word of God, the text of the Qur'an is valid for religious purposes only in its original Arabic, cannot be modified, and is not translatable, although the necessity for non-Arabic interpretations is recognized. The text of the Qur’an consists of 114 chapters of varying lengths, each known as a sura. Chapters are classed as Meccan or Medinan, depending on where the verses were revealed. Chapter titles are derived from a name or quality discussed in the text, or from the first letters or words of the sura.
Muslims believe that Muhammad, on God's command, gave the chapters their namesThis has made the Qur'an the most read book in its original language and preserved a classical form of Arabic as an Islamic lingua franca and medium of learning. Islam is not a private individual affair, but a collective system, not a vehicle of personal salvation but of universal welfare, not an adversary of reason but a liberator of human reason, not a breeder of superstition but a radical challenge to all superstition, not a purveyor of fearful conformity but a creator in man of courage and self reliance, not a call for renunciation of the concrete and the real but an invitation to conquer and subjugate the world of matter, not a supporter of the status quo and of the vested interests but a beacon light pointing in the direction of a total "revolt against all forms of tyranny and exploitation".
It is, in short, a loud "YES" to life, and totally rejects the whimpering "NO" which religious priest-craft has used to shackle the divine potentialities created in man by God.