Tuesday, November 10, 2009

Hagia Sophia

Hagia Sophia (Turkish: Ayasofya, from the Greek: Ἁγία Σοφία, "Holy Wisdom"; Latin: Sancta Sophia or Sancta Sapientia) is a above Orthodox affectionate basilica, after a mosque, now a architecture in Istanbul, Turkey. Famous in accurate for its massive dome, it is advised the apotheosis of Byzantine architectonics and to accept "changed the history of architecture." It was the better basilica in the apple for about a thousand years, until the achievement of the Seville Basilica in 1520. The accepted architecture was originally complete as a abbey amid 532 and 537 A.D. on the orders of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian, and was in actuality the third Abbey of the Angelic Wisdom to absorb the armpit (the antecedent two had both been destroyed by riots). It was advised by two architects, Isidore of Miletus and Anthemius of Tralles. The Abbey independent a ample accumulating of angelic charcoal and featured, amid added things, a 15m (49 foot) argent iconostasis. It was the bench of the Patriarch of Constantinople and the religious focal point of the Eastern Orthodox Abbey for about one thousand years. It was the abbey in which Cardinal Humbert marched up to the chantry and excommunicated Cerularius, appearance the official alpha of the Great Schism.

In 1453, Constantinople was baffled by the Ottoman Turks and Sultan Mehmed II ordered the architecture to be adapted into a mosque.The bells, altar, iconostasis, and sacrificial argosy were removed, and abounding of the mosaics were eventually bashed over. The Islamic appearance — such as the mihrab, the minbar, and the four minarets alfresco — were added over the advance of its history beneath the Ottomans. It remained as a abbey until 1935, back it was adapted into a architecture by the Republic of Turkey.

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