Thanjavur additionally accepted by its anglicised name Tanjore, is a burghal and the address of the Thanjavur commune in the Indian accompaniment of Tamil Nadu. It has a citizenry of a 221,185 (2001 census).
The name Thanjavur is acquired from "Tanjan", a allegorical asura in Hindu mythology. Thanjavur is one of the oldest cities in India and has a continued and assorted history dating aback to Sangam period. The burghal rose into bulge during the aphorism of the Later Cholas back it served as the basic of the Chola empire. After the abatement of the Cholas, the burghal was disqualified by the Pandyas, Vijayanagar Empire, the Madurai Nayaks, the Thanjavur Nayaks, the Thanjavur Marathas and the British. It has been a allotment of absolute India back 1947.
Thanjavur is an important centermost of South Indian art and architecture. Most of the Great Living Chola Temples, an UNESCO World Ancestry Monument are amid in an about Thanjavur. The foremost amid the Great Living Chola temples, the Brihadeeswara Temple, is amid in the centermost of the town. Thanjavur is additionally the home of the Tanjore painting, a painting appearance different to the region. The boondocks is an important agronomical centermost amid at the affection of the region, accepted as the "rice basin of Tamil Nadu". South Zone Culture Centre in Thanjavur is one of abounding bounded cultural centres accustomed by Indian Government to bottle and advance acceptable cultural ancestry of India.
Thanjavur is well-connected by anchorage and railways with added genitalia of India and with cities and towns in Tamil Nadu. The abutting airport is Tiruchirapalli amid at a ambit of 56 kilometres and the abutting anchorage in Nagapattinam which is 84 kilometres from Thanjavur.