Belshazzar was the son of Nabonidus, who afterwards cardinal alone three years, went to the haven of Tayma and adherent himself to the adoration of the moon god, Sin. He fabricated Belshazzar co-regent in 553 B.C., abrogation him in allegation of Babylon's defense.
In the year 540 B.C. Nabonidus alternate from Tayma, acquisitive to avert his commonwealth from the Persians who were planning to beforehand on Babylon. In 538 B.C. Belshazzar was positioned in the burghal of Babylon to authority the capital, while Nabonidus, marched his troops arctic to accommodated Cyrus. On October 10, 539 B.C. Nabonidus surrendered and fled from Cyrus. Two canicule later, October 12, 539 B.C., the Persian armies overthrew the burghal of Babylon.
Herodotus refers to the aftermost baron of Babylon as Labynetos and claims that this was additionally the name of his father. Herodotus says that the mother of the adolescent Labynetos was the queen Nitocris whom he portrays as the ascendant ruler. She is frequently anticipation to accept been the babe of Nebuchadnezzar. Labynetos is about accepted to be a broken anatomy of the name Nabonidus and the adolescent Labynetos is generally articular with Belshazzar. Opinions alter about on how best to accommodate Herodotus with the Babylonian sources and an another appearance is that the adolescent Labynetos is Nabonidus.
Josephus gives an annual of Belshazzar abundantly allegory the Book of Daniel but animadversion that he was accepted to the Babylonians by the name Naboandelus. Bible advisers accept beheld this as a bribery of "Nabonidus" which if actual may be taken either as abashing on the allotment of Josephus or a acceptance of the estimation of the adolescent "Labynetos" of Herodotus as Belshazzar. Josephus, however, knew of Nabonidus and calls him "Nabonnedus" apropos an annual of his abduction by Cyrus taken from Berossus. Josephus refers to the queen at the time (corresponding to the Nitocris of Herodotus) as the grandmother of Belshazzar which corroborates the another appearance that the adolescent "Labynetos" (son of Nitocris) is Nabonidus.